Trebic Medieval Jewish Quarter and Basilica. CSEE2.
Basilica of St. Procopius and Trebic Jewish Quarter are protected by UNESCO
We will take you around the best preserved original
medieval Jewish quarter in Europe, to the local old
Jewish cemetery and the Basilica of St. Procopius
that remind us the co-existence of Jewish and
Christian cultures and are protected by UNESCO.
9 HOUR ROUND TRIP
A combination with Jindrichuv Hradec medieval town and castle, Telc medieval town and castle, Velke Popovice brewery, Brno town, Knights Templar wine cellars, moravsky Krumlov castle with teh Slav Epic paintings or Coloured Modern Artistic Glass trip.
St. Procopius´ Basilica in Trebic
The abbot´s church, initially dedicated to Virgin Mary, was built in the early 13th century as a part of the Benedictine Monastery founded in 1101. The basilica ranks among the pearls of medieval architecture. Its Romanesque style shows also some Gothic elements. The church was largely damaged when Trebic was besieged by Matthias Corvinus´ army in 1468, and was then used for secular purposes for more than two centuries. After its renovation by Frantisek Maxmilian Kanka in 1725-1731 it was used again for sacral purposes and dedicated to St. Procopius.
In 2002, the basilica was proclaimed national cultural monument.
Jewish Quarter of Trebic
The Jewish Quarter of Trebic, placed on the prestigious UNESCO World Heritage List on 3rd July 2003, is a unique document of Jewish culture in Moravia and the only Jewish monument outside Israel specifically placed on the UNESCO List. The area still exhibits its historical layout and structure that has developed in the limited area between the Jihlava River and the hill of Hradek. The Quarter exhibits a mysterious atmosphere with its tortuous streets, dark nooks, vaulted passages and other typical features. Unforgettable view of the romantic Jewish Quarter roofs can be enjoyed from Hradek Hill.
Today, no original population is available in the former Jewish Quarter. Therefore, many buildings, such as the town hall, rabbi´s office, hospital, poorhouse or school, do not serve their original purpose any more.
It is possible to visit a Jewish ritual bath Mikveh from 17th century in the ground floor of the hotel Joseph. To taste the Jewish cakes in the local cafe and to visit the house where survived the original well from the middle ages.
Jewish Cemetery in Trebic
The Jewish Cemetery was established behind the town, over the Tynsky Brook, probably in the early 17th century (the first written document mentioning the cemetery dates from 1636), and was extended in 1888 by adding a new area. With its size of almost twelve thousand square metres it ranks among the largest Jewish cemeteries in the country. The burial-ground, surrounded by a massive stone wall, contains almost 3000 tombstones (the oldest one dates from 1625), including some valuable stones of Baroque and neo-Classical type. A number of important persons are buried here, such as the rabbis Pollak, both father and son.
The cemetery, which is one of the most important and the best maintained Jewish cemeteries in Moravia, is rightly protected as a national cultural monument. As a part of the Jewish Quarter it was placed on the UNESCO List in 2003.
Trebic Jewish Ghetto – one of the oldest Jewish settlements was a naturally-evolving urban structure , complete with every element typical of a Jewish ghetto – maximum use of the available space made further evolution of its buildings impossible.
There were built a town hall, rabbinate, Jewish school, hospital, poorhouse, etc. – together 123 numbered houses aside from two synagogues. It is the best preserved original Jewish quarter in Europa protected by UNESCO.
The Jewish Cemetery – today it is one of the biggest cemeteries of its kind in the Central Europa , with the area 11772 sq. metres.
It is enclosed by massive walls, contains around 11 thousand graves, and nearly three thousand gravestones, the oldest of which dates from 1625.
Trebic´s ensemble of the Jewish Quarter, the old Jewish cemetery and the Basilica of St Procopius in Trebíc are reminders of the co-existence of Jewish and Christian cultures from the Middle Ages to the 20th century. The Jewish Quarter bears outstanding testimony to the different aspects of the life of this community. St Procopius Basilica, built as part of the Benedictine monastery in the early 13th century, is a remarkable example of the influence of Western European architectural heritage in this region.
The Jewish Quarter and St Procopius Basilica of Trebic bear witness to the coexistence of and interchange of values between two different cultures, Jewish and Christian, over many centuries. The Jewish Quarter of Trebic is an exceptional testimony to the cultural traditions related to the Jewish diaspora in the Central Europe.